During the 19th century, the population of Ibiza increased, a rise that forced many people to emigrate to Cuba and Algeria. In 1936 the Spanish Civil War began and the islands rapidly fell under the control of the rebellious army. Even if it was briefly retaken by the Republicans, Ibiza and Formentera remained under Franco's control for the most part of the war. During the dictatorship of Franco from 1939 until 1975,Catalan language was once more suppressed.
However, throughout the 1960's the hippies began to colonise Ibiza and establish their creative roots in the island. Following the death of Franco in 1975, Ibiza was returned to be a Catalan speaking territory. The popularity of Ibiza continued to grow as a major European holiday destination and as a result development soared.
In 1999, UNESCO recognised Ibiza with all of its cultural assets, and Dalt Vila (Old Town) was declared a world heritage site.
Important Historical Dates
700 BC The ancient Greeks first lay their eyes on Ibiza and Formentera. Without settling here they name the two islands the 'Pitiuses'
654 BC The Phoenicians are the first to settle, they name the island 'Ibosim' and found the port
123 BC The Romans invade the Balearics, Ibiza is renamed 'Ebosus'
535 AD The Byzantines conquer Ibiza
901 The Moors invade Ibiza, it becomes 'Yebisah' and is Islamicised. Trade continues to soar from the island's natural resources
1114 The Christian crusades hit Ibiza, lots of men are killed on both sides but the Christians are unsuccessful in beating the Arabs
1235 Catalans invade Ibiza, they are successful, the island returns to Christianity and the main language is Catalan
1348 The Black Death strikes the island leaving thousands dead and Formentera uninhabited
1555 The walls of Dalt Vila are reconstructed and fortified
1848 Building work and expansion continues as the port grows bigger, the New Town is founded
1939 After the Nationalists win the Civil War, Ibiza falls under the Fraco regime. Catalan is suppressed
1960 Hippies begin to descend on the island
1975 The death of Franco means the end of a suppressive rule
1999 UNESCO recognises Ibiza's cultural heritage